California law provides for two basic types of conservatorship depending upon the conservatee's particular needs. The following is a brief description of each:
- Probate Conservatorship: A probate conservatorship of person may be established for those found unable to properly provide for their personal needs for physical health, food, clothing, or shelter. A probate conservator of estate may be established for those who are substantially unable to manage their own financial resources or resist fraud or undue influence.
- Lanterman-Petris-Short (L.P.S.) Conservatorship: A conservator of the person or both person and estate may be appointed for those found unable to provide for their basic personal needs for food, clothing, or shelter as a result of mental disorder or impairment by chronic alcoholism.