Under CEQA governing bodies will undergo some form of environmental review in the form of an Initial Study. The governing body or lead agency must determine if the proposed project will have a limited impact on the environment or a large impact. In the case of limited impact, a negative declaration is made. However, on larger impact projects, an Environmental Impact Report (EIR) must be prepared.
To follow CEQA guidelines, many documents must be generated. These documents include technical information about the project, the environment, traffic, air quality, aesthetics, etc. These documents also focus on applicable environmental laws and plans and how the impacts of said project can be reduced to a less than significant level.